The different types of stone for your home

A list of the different types of stone for your home or rock types as recognized by petrologists. Any unique combination of chemical composition, mineralogy, grain size, texture, or other distinguishing characteristics can describe stone types. Additionally, different classification systems exist for each major type of stone.

Sandstone by Van Bros Construction


Clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized minerals or rock grains.

Ledger panels first became popular for use in outdoor patios. With a rustic appearance, ledgers bring appeal to the indoors as well. The 3-dimensional look offers accents of texture and provide a visually appealing frame for fireplaces. Ledgers can also be used in bathrooms, kitchens or as an accent wall. Floor & Decor offers four different types of stones as well as many matching corner pieces to help complete the look.

Slate by Van Bros Construction


Slate is a low grade metamorphic rock generally formed by the metamorphosis of mudstone / shale, or sometimes basalt, under relatively low pressure and temperature conditions.

Clay minerals in the parent rock metamorphose into mica minerals (biotote, chlorite, muscovite) which are aligned along foliation planes perpendicular to the direction of pressure. Slate is characterized by fine foliation along which it breaks to leave smooth, flat surfaces (often referred to as “slaty cleavage” – not to be confused with cleavage in minerals). Sometimes relict (original) bedding is visible on foliation planes. Slate will ‘ring’ when struck, unlike mudstone or shale which makes a dull ‘thud’.

Herringbone Brick

Herringbone Brick is used in a pattern consisting of adjoining vertical rows of slanting lines, any two contiguous lines suggesting either a V or an inverted V, used in masonry, textiles, etc.

The strongest of the patterns is the herringbone. It can be laid at a 45 or 90 degree angle. The pattern has many angles that can be described as energetic, and can truly engage your visitors as they make their way to the entrance of your home. Because the pattern tightly interlocks the brick it can handle significant weight, which is ideal for driveways.